Animal Facts

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Animal Facts

Dog

Dogs have superior hearing than humans, capable of hearing sounds at four times the distance.

Dogs have a remarkable sense of smell, they are capable of differentiating odors in concentrations nearly 100 million times lower than humans can.

Tiger

Tiger cubs leave their mother when they are around 2 years of age.

A group of tigers is known as an ‘ambush’ or ‘streak’.

Rare white tigers carry a gene that is only present in around 1 in every 10000 tigers.
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Dolphin

Compared to other animals, dolphins are believed to be very intelligent.

The Killer Whale (also known as Orca) is actually a type of dolphin.

Female dolphins are called cows, males are called bulls and young dolphins are called calves.

Dolphins have excellent eyesight and hearing as well as the ability to use echolocation for finding the exact location of objects.

Dolphins communicate with each other by clicking, whistling and other sounds.
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Cheetah

The cheetah is the fastest land animal in the world. They can reach a top speed of around 113 km per hour.

Cheetahs are the only big cat that cannot roar.

Cheetahs only need to drink once every three to four days.
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Elephant

An elephant can use its tusks to dig for ground water. An adult elephant needs to drink around 210 litres of water a day.

The elephant’s trunk is able to sense the size, shape and temperature of an object.

Elephants can swim – they use their trunk to breathe like a snorkel in deep water.
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Shark

Sharks do not have a single bone in their bodies, instead have cartilage.

If the shark stops moving then it will suffocate and die.

Unlike other species of shark, the great white is warm-blooded. Although the great white does not keep a constant body temperature, it needs to eat a lot of meat in order to be able to regulate its temperature.
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Lion

The roar of a lion can be heard from 8 kilometers (5.0 miles) away.

Lionesses are better hunters than males and do most of the hunting for a pride (their group).

In the wild, lions rest for around 20 hours a day.
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Frogs

Instead of drinking water, frogs soak it into their body through their skin.

Frogs breathe through their nostrils while also absorbing about half the air they need through their skin.

Frogs can see forwards, sideways and upwards all at the same time. They never close their eyes, even when they sleep.

frogs actually use their eyes to help them swallow food. When the frog blinks, its eyeballs are pushed downwards creating a bulge in the roof of its mouth. This bulge squeezes the food inside the frog’s mouth down the back of its throat.
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Giraffee

Giraffes are ruminants. This means that they have more than one stomach. In fact, giraffes have four stomachs, the extra stomachs assisting with digesting food.

The circulatory system of the giraffe has several adaptations for its great height. Its heart, which can weigh more than 11 kg (25 lb) and measures about 60 cm (2 ft) long.
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Ant

Ants are believed to contribute up to 25% of the total biomass weight of land based animals. That’s about the same as the total biomass of the entire human race.

Ants can carry 20 times their own weight.

Queen ants can live up to 30 years, the longest of any insect.
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Camel

A camel can survive up to six months without food or water by using up the fatty tissue reserves in their humps.

A large camel can drink around 30 gallons (113 liters) in just 13 minutes, making them able to rehydrate faster than any other mammal.
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Chameleon

The chameleons’ eyes can rotate and focus separately on 180-degree arcs, so they can see two different objects at the same time. This gives them a full 360-degree field of vision.

Chameleons actual eyesight is great they can see small insects 5-10 meters away. They can also see in both visible and ultraviolet light.
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Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes cause more deaths than any other animal in the world.

Mosquitoes prefer O-type blood, people with high body heat, pregnant women and heavy breathers.

Mosquitoes can beat their wings between 450 and 600 times per second!
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