Machu Picchu, Peru

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Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu means “Old Peak” in the indigenous language of Quechua. It is located at an altitude of 2,430 m above sea-level in the middle of a tropical mountain forest (Andes Mountains). Machu Picchu is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cusco, through which the Urubamba River flows. This spectacularly attractive setting was probably the most amazing creation of the Inca Empire at its height. This historical site of the Inca Empire was abandoned after it was conquered by the Spanish in the sixteenth century.
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Architecture
Machu Picchu was built around 1450. There are about 200 structures, forming this outstanding monument, arranged on wide parallel terraces. The giant walls, terraces and ramps seem to have adapted naturally to the mountains. The city is divided into a lower and upper part, separating the farming from residential areas, with a large square between the two. The eastern section of the city was perhaps residential and the western was for religious and ceremonial purposes. There is a massive tower, the Torreón, that may have been used as an observatory. In addition to these structures, there are also astronomical, agricultural centres, the Inti Watana, the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows. These were dedicated to Inti, their sun god.
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There are more than 700 ancient terraces at Machu Picchu which preserved soil and promoted agriculture. Well refined channeling systems provided irrigation for the fields. The terraced fields were used for growing crops, likely maize and potatoes. The Stone stairways were used to access different levels across the place.
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Inca Trail – Reaching Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is about 50 miles from Cusco, (often spelled Cuzco) which is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cusco Province. It can be reached by a four-hour train ride followed by a few miles of spiral mountain road, or by a three to six day hike along the famous Inca Trail.
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The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is one of South America’s and possibly one of the world’s most famous hikes. This historical trail was modelled based on the original trip made by the explorer Hiram Binham back in 1911. The journey took him about 4 days from Cusco/ Cuzco . The Classical Inca Trail trek is 82 kilometres long.   Inca Trail starts at Piskacucho, Cusco which is located about 8,500 feet above sea level.
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Machu picchu facts
Machu Picchu is supposed to be built at the peak of the Inca Empire, which dominated west part of South America in the 15th and 16th centuries.
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It is believed to have been a royal estate or sacred religious site for Inca leaders.
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American archaeologist Hiram Bingham and his team discovered Machu Picchu on their expedition from Cuzco to Urubamba Valley in 1911.
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Machu Picchu stretches over a 5-mile distance, with over 3,000 stone steps linking different levels of it.
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Machu Picchu is made up of approximately 200 buildings which include houses, baths, temples and sanctuaries.
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Many of the Machu Picchu’s mysteries still remain unresolved.
This historical monument is often misspelled as macu picchu, machu piccuh, macho picchu, machu pichu, macchu picchu, machu piccu, machupicchu, maccu piccu, machu piccho, machu picch, macha picchu, machu piccuh, mach picchu but the right spelling is Machu Picchu.
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UNESCO classified it as a World Heritage Site in 1983.
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Machu Picchu Video

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  1. 88Cecilia December 4, 2016

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