Red Beach, as the name suggests do not refer to red sand or any kind of beach. Panjin Red Beach or the Red Beach lies on the Shuangtaizi River estuary, just outside of Panjin city, Liaoning, China. It is the world’s largest wetland which spans over 51 square miles of coastal land, around 30 kilometres (19 miles) away from Panjin City . The red color of the beach is due to the presence of a type of sea weed Sueda. The Sueda is one of the few species of grass called Suaeda salsa that belongs to the family Chenopodiaceae.
The coast has soil that is incredibly saline. Most of the plants cannot grow in the salty soil but for seepweed, this is the perfect condition to grow and flourish. The seepweed starts growing during April and May, it is lush green in colour during the summer but as it matures in autumn, the leaves turn into deep red colour. Finally, the red color of the weeds turns purple. In autumn, when the weed is flaming red, the beach looks as if it is covered by a red carpet. In winter, the plant dies down and regrows in the spring.
The Red Beach hosts a complete ecosystem, it is home to more than 260 kinds of birds and 399 kinds of wild animals. We can also find the Crown Cranes and Black Beaked Gulls near this area. That’s why the place is also called as the “Home of the Cranes”. Though the Red Beach is a vast area, most of it is marked as nature reserve and closed to the public. Only a small part of it is open for tourists. The best time to visit is in mid September through mid October, when the colour is at its best. This incredible beauty of the Red Beach has been attracting many tourists over the years.