The Palace of the Parliament is the seat of the Parliament of Romania. Located on Spirii Hill in central Bucharest, the Palace is the world’s second largest civilian building with an administrative function. It is also the most expensive administrative building and heaviest building. The Palace was designed by a team of 700 architects led by architect Anca Petrescu. Construction began during Communism, in 1980, with the demolition of Republica Stadium and part of the old city.
The Palace of the Parliament is both a symbol of power in Romania as it is a reminder of the communist era. It was designed and nearly completed by the Ceausescu regime as the seat of political and administrative power. It measures 270 m by 245 m, 86 m high, and 92 m under ground, on a building area of 66,000 m2 ground surface. It has 1,100 rooms and is 12 stories tall, with additional 8 underground levels. Only a small part of this huge building can be visited by tourists.
After Ceausescu’s deposition, the new government moved its functions into his maniacal mansion and it was renamed the Palace of Parliament. The Palace also contains a massive array of miscellaneous conference halls, salons, etc., used for a wide variety of other purposes.